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Are  male  or  female more likely to die from  COVID-19 ?

Updated: Jul 29, 2020

The coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is an infectious disease caused by a new strain of coronavirus. This new virus and disease were unknown before the outbreak began in Wuhan, China, in December 2019. On the 11th of March 2019, WHO assessed that COVID-19 can be characterised as a pandemic.
  • World – Total Cases: 9,700,000 Total Deaths: 491,868 (Death Rate = 5.1%)

  • Thailand – Total Cases: 3,162 Total Deaths: 58 (Death Rate = 1.8%)

Thailand’s death rate is 2.8 times lower than the world’s death rate2 (as of 26 June 2020)


The data show that older adults and people with underlying medical conditions are at increased risk for infections and severe illness. Gender is another interesting factor potentially contributing to the differences in death rates among different groups of people. We have analysed the data from seven countries (USA, Brazil, Italy, Spain, India, China, Thailand) and found that the death rate for men was higher than for women in every country studied.


Death Rate = Number of Deaths / Number of Cases Percentage of Total Deaths = Number of [M/F] Deaths / Total Deaths
  • USA

- Death Rate: Male = 5.4% Female = 4.3% (0.8x)

- Proportion of Total Deaths: Male = 54% Female = 46%

  • Brazil

- Proportion of Total Deaths: Male = 59% Female = 41%

  • Italy

- Death Rate: Male = 17.7% Female = 10.5% (1.7x)

  • Spain

- Death Rate: Male = 11.0% Female = 6.2% (1.8x)

- Proportion of Total Deaths: Male = 57% Female = 43%

  • India

- Proportion of Total Deaths: Male = 64% Female = 36%

  • China

- Death Rate: Male = 4.7% Female = 2.8 (1.7x)

- Proportion of Total Deaths: Male = 64% Female = 36%

  • Thailand

- Death Rate: Male = 2.6% Female = 1.0% (2.6x)

- Proportion of Total Deaths: Male = 74% Female = 26%


We further analysed the data of the USA, China and Thailand and found that the age group which accounts for the highest number of deaths is the >75YO for the USA and China; the 40-59YO for Thailand.



In addition, in Thailand, the death rates are significantly higher among those with diabetes (43%), high blood pressure (38%) and hyperlipidemia (19%).


Reference: SIM Research’s Analysis, World Health Organization (WHO), Worldometer, European CDC, Global Health 50/50, CDC COVID Data Tracker

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